Ancient therapies. On the lower right are acupuncture needles made of bone. In the upper left are "Bian-stones," specialized sharp-edged stone tools that appeared during China's Neolithic, or "New Stone" Age. They were used as part of an early form of acupuncture therapy.
These nine needles are replicas of acupuncture needles dating back to the Han Dynasty (from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D.). The needles in those days were made of bone, but the philosophical underpinning for their use was the same as it is today - balancing Jing, Qi and Shen, the three vital elements of the human body. Jing is best described as the ultimate essence and source of life. Qi is energy and Shen is spirit.